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Intelligence is best defined as the ability of an individual to adapt his/her behavior to new circumstances. Human intelligence is not a single ability but is rather a composition of abilities like learning, reasoning, problem solving, perception and understanding of language. Since ancient times, people have been thinking of designing machines that will replicate human intelligence. The concept of thinking machines appears in Greek myths like the ‘Talos of Crete’.
John McCarthy coined the term, ‘artificial intelligence’ in 1956. He defines artificial intelligence as the science and engineering of making intelligent machines. AI Researchers hope to invent intelligent machines, which can perceive, learn and reason like humans. General intelligence is their long-term goal. By general intelligence they mean to incorporate other aspects like social intelligence, judgment, commonsense, robotics and self-awareness into machines.
Researchers dream of bringing into machines, the capacity for wisdom and the ability to feel.
The modern definition of artificial intelligence (or AI) is “the study and design of intelligent agents” where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximizes its chances of
The first concern regarding the application of artificial intelligence is about ethics and moral values. Is it ethically correct to create replicas of human beings? Do our moral values allow us to recreate intelligence? Intelligence is after all a gift of nature. It may not be right to install it into a machine to make it work for our benefit.
Though the idea of machines replacing human beings sounds wonderful as it appears to save us from all the pain. But is it really such an exciting idea? Concepts such as wholeheartedness and dedication in work bear no existence in the world of artificial intelligence.
If robots begin replacing humans in every field, it may lead to unemployment. People will be left with nothing to do. Empty time may result in its destructive use. Thinking machines will govern all the fields and populate all positions pre-occupied by people.
Apart from all these issues, there is a fear of robots superseding us! Ideally human beings should continue being the masters of machines. If things turn the other way round, the world will turn into chaos. Intelligent machines may prove to be smarter than us; they might enslave us and start ruling the world. Man’s greedy creativity may endanger mankind!
Artificial intelligence will surpass human intelligence after 2020, predicted Vernor Vinge, a world-renowned pioneer in AI, who has warned about the risks and opportunities that an electronic super-intelligence would offer to mankind.
In May 1997, Deep Blue (a robot) won the chess tournament against Gary Kasparov. It was the first glimpse of a new kind of intelligence.Increasingly autonomous, gun-totting robots developed for warfare could easily fall into the hands of terrorists and may one day unleash a robot arms race “They pose a threat to humanity,” said University of Sheffield professor Noel Sharkey ahead of a keynote address Wednesday before Britain’s Royal United Services Institute.
Intelligent machines deployed on battlefields around the world — from mobile grenade launchers to rocket-firing drones — can already identify and lock onto targets without human help.
Eventually, it is up to you whether to stand by artificial intelligence or warn yourself of the likely disaster that it may lead to. In my view, there is no ideal replacement for human beings. Artificial intelligence can help alleviate the difficulties faced by man but intelligent machines can never be ‘human’.
In my view, AI should be a upto an extent where human beings can deal with.Afterall, human brain is a product of evolution with a tremendous time, yet AI is not.It needs enormous time to create the exceeding brain of humans. Anyway, there is nothing either exceeding or not, but human thinking makes it so.
But as it goes: ‘ No threat and no benefit’.