Higher education is the need of the hour for developing countries like India. Since 1990′s economic reforms, the number of universities in India have increased to a tremendous level. In addition, higher education has remained an important area of five year plans still, the educated youth here lack behind in contrast to West in skills, the reason for this is research based education and quality of education in India which is not good.
Keeping this in mind Indian government proposed 100% FDI in higer education and invited foreign universities and institutions to set up their branches in India. It was expected many foreign institutions will show their interest in it, which will benefit foreign as well as Indian students leading to world class research facilites, innovative curriculum and international exposure. It was also expected that this will prevent heavy out flow of Indian students.
At present Indian education sector is attracting numerous foreign students because of relative education cost along with better marketability of degrees in job market. A study by Shahid Amhed (Associate professor, Department of Economics, JMI, New Delhi) and Sushil Kuman (Research Scholar, Departmeny of Economics, JMI, New Delhi) predicts that average cost of foreign students in India is US $4217.93 per annum which include the tuition fee, cost of education, accomodation cost, student travel cost and book reference cost.
However, there are major dangers and drawbacks in education sector which need to be addressed-
Most of the faculty members speak Hindi in the classroom.
Language barrier and delay in opening bank account are the common difficulties faced by foreign students.
Norms and control laid down for Indian education institutions if not made applicable or regulated for foreign institutions will lead unauthorized institutions to enter and join hands.
Universities should be allowed to work on reasonable amount of profit but no commericialization of education should be allowed.
Finally, it can be inferred that India has potential of trade in education services provided, policy makers work on effective registration and certification system thus, preventing fake institutions to enter and make effective plans in the light of global education needs.
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