What is Child Pornography ? Child pornography refers to images or films (also known as child abuse images) and, in some cases, writings depicting sexually explicit activities involving a child. Abuse of the child occurs during the sexual acts which are recorded in the production of child pornography, and several professors of psychology state that memories of the abuse are maintained as long as visual records exist, are accessed, and are “exploited perversely.”
Are there any laws to check Child Pornography ? 94 of 187 INTERPOL (International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL, an organization facilitating international police cooperation) member states had laws specifically addressing child pornography as of 2008.
Child pornography laws provide severe penalties for producers and distributors in almost all Western societies, usually including incarceration, with shorter duration of sentences for non-commercial distribution depending on the extent and content of the material distributed.
Convictions for possessing child pornography also usually include prison sentences, but those sentences are often converted to probation for first-time offenders. Some nations such as Canada and Australia have laws banning cartoon, manga or written child pornography and others require ISPs (Internet Service Providers) to monitor internet traffic to detect it.
The United Nations Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child requires states to outlaw the “producing, distributing, disseminating, importing, exporting, offering, selling or possessing for the above purposes” of child pornography.
Where does India stand in its Fight Against Child Pornography ?Child pornography in India is illegal, in February 2009, the Parliament passed the Information Technology Bill which declared creation and transmission of child pornography illegal. The bill also enables India’s law enforcement agencies to take strict action against those seeking child pornography. For example, browsing for child pornography on the internet can lead to a 5 year term in imprisonment and Rs. 1 million fine.
THE BITTER REALITY- What is it ?Child pornography is a multi-billion dollar international sex trade industry. INTERPOL has cited Germany as one of the major producers of child pornography, with the Netherlands and the United Kingdom as the major distribution centers. United States is one of the largest markets of demand for child pornography, though more interest has shifted to South East Asia in recent years.
The development of child pornography is fuelled by mainly two factors, the inception and availability of home movies, videos, digital cameras, computers and software, which has made the making of child pornography relatively cheap and secondly, the development of Internet technology, which has increased ease of production and distribution of this material to amazing heights.
There is constant debate as to how the child pornography industry can be stopped. One of the major aspects of the debate is answering seemingly simple question : “How does one define the age of a minor ?” This is because different countries set different age for “hard-core” pornography and “soft-core” pornography.
The growing menace in India…There has been a steady rise in the number of Child Pornography cases registered and arrests in India. The number of cases stood at 99 in 2007, 105 in 208 and 139 in 2009 and the statistics are on a constant increase.
Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan are some of the states inflicted with this heinous crime.
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